Oral Conditions

  • Acid Erosion


    Acid erosion is the irreversible loss of tooth structure ( predominately enamel) due acid exposure from sources other than the acid produced by bacteria. Acid erosion can occur with exposure to a pH at or under 5. Dental acid erosion, although common, has only recently  been recognized as a dental… Read the full Acid Erosion article

  • Bad Breath


    Bad breath, or halitosis (pronounced hal-it-toe-sis), can be a temporary condition or a long-term problem that causes anxiety and embarrassment: anxiety if it becomes an ongoing battle and embarrassment if someone suddenly tells you, “You might want to brush your teeth.”
    There are a number of causes of bad… Read the full Bad Breath article

  • Canker Sores

    Canker sores (apthous ulcers) are painful sores found inside the mouth. Some patients get canker sores all the time, while others only rarely or not at all.
    What to look for
    Canker sores appear as white or gray ulcerations with bright red borders and are always found inside the… Read the full Canker Sores article

  • Cavities/Tooth Decay


    Tooth decay is one of the most common diseases in the world. In the U.S. alone, more than 90% of all individuals will be affected by tooth decay at one time or another during their lifetime. It should be noted that tooth decay is also one of the most… Read the full Cavities/Tooth Decay article

  • Clenching and Grinding your Teeth (Bruxism)

    Clenching occurs when you squeeze your teeth together over a sustained period of time. Grinding or bruxism, is the clenching of your teeth along with right-to-left and back and forth  movement of your lower jaw that rubs the teeth together.
    Why does it happen?
    Clenching and grinding are habits that… Read the full Clenching and Grinding your Teeth (Bruxism) article

  • Cold Sores (Herpes Simplex I)


    Cold sores are a recurring viral infection (meaning they come back periodically throughout your lifetime) that appear as fluid-filled blisters (called vesicles) on the outside of the mouth.
    How Do Patients Get Cold Sores?
    The Primary or Initial Infection
    The initial or primary infection is caused by the Herpes… Read the full Cold Sores (Herpes Simplex I) article

  • Cracked Tooth Syndrome

    This oral condition is best described as pain that occurs while either biting down or releasing a bite. The crack may or may not be visible and is rarely seen on an x-ray. If it is visible, it is usually seen as a vertical hairline crack; if it is… Read the full Cracked Tooth Syndrome article

  • Dental Plaque

    Dental plaque (sometimes referred to as “biofilm”) is an accumulation of organized bacteria that forms around teeth and matures in 24 hours where it can begin the damage of Tooth Decay and Gum Disease. This film is constantly forming on the teeth, tongue and soft tissue of the mouth, and on… Read the full Dental Plaque article

  • Dry Mouth

    One of the biggest problems facing dentists and patients today is “dry mouth” (or xerostomia). Dry mouth occurs when saliva flow in the mouth is seriously diminished, leading to an increase in dental disease. One of the most common causes of dry mouth is the more than 1,200 commonly… Read the full Dry Mouth article

  • Enamel Fluorosis


    Enamel fluorosis occurs when a higher than recommended concentration of fluoride is consumed during tooth development. There are varying degrees of  fluorosis demonstrating spots from white to black and in severe cases, severe pitting is apparent.  Over time the  involved teeth will chip and wear easier. From a cosmetic standpoint, this condition… Read the full Enamel Fluorosis article

  • Gum Disease (Periodontal Disease)

    Gum disease or periodontal disease is a bacterial infection that affects over 80% of patients to varying degrees. Not only is gum disease the number one causes of tooth loss in adults, we now know it plays a key role in a number of medical conditions. Although there… Read the full Gum Disease (Periodontal Disease) article

  • Leukoplakia

    Leukoplakia is a white thickening of the skin on the tongue, gums, floor of the mouth or inside of the cheeks due to some type of chronic (ongoing) irritation. This thickening occurs because of excessive cell growth.

    Cigarette or cigar smoking
    Chewing tobacco
    Chewing the inside of the… Read the full Leukoplakia article

  • Oral Cancer

    Oral cancer is a common health risk existing in our population; the dental and medical professions have done little to bring it to the attention of the public. The five year survival rate for oral cancer has not improved much in the past 50 years. The best method for… Read the full Oral Cancer article

  • Parts of the Tooth

    Your tooth is made up of two primary structures: the crown (the part seen in the mouth), and the root (the part of the tooth that is in bone). The crown is covered with enamel, and the root is covered with cementum. The part of the tooth where the crown… Read the full Parts of the Tooth article

  • Receding Gums (Gingival Recession)

    Receding gums or, gingival recession, is a condition where soft tissue or gums around the necks of your teeth shrink away from biting surfaces of your teeth. Gingival recession can be seen on a single tooth or on several teeth, in different areas of your mouth or throughout your… Read the full Receding Gums (Gingival Recession) article

  • Tarter (Calculus)

    Calculus, or tartar, as it is more commonly termed, is the hard, barnacle-like buildup that forms on our teeth once soft plaque has had time to take up enough minerals from saliva to harden.
     What’s the Problem?
    Calculus creates an ideal environment for more bacteria to accumulate, due to… Read the full Tarter (Calculus) article

  • Tetracycline Stain

    Tetracycline stain is a condition seen as deep stain in the adult teeth (permanent teeth) caused by tetracycline antibiotics taken during tooth development. The stain is seen as varying degrees of horizontal color bands ranging from gray to gray-brown and even some shades of green, with in varying degrees… Read the full Tetracycline Stain article

  • The Dental Abscess

    A dental abscess is an infection of a tooth, gums, or the jaw caused by an accumulation of pus and bacteria.
    Dental abscesses originate from

    Tooth Decay: a cavity that has progressed into the nerve chamber, trapping gas and creating inflammation of the nerve inside the tooth
    Gum disease:… Read the full The Dental Abscess article

  • Thrush

    Thrush, or oral candidiasis, is a fungal infection that may appear as red, white, or creamy colored areas over the soft tissue. These patches of infection are frequently very painful because of the severe inflammation; inflammation involves: pain, heat redness, swelling and loss of function.
    What Causes Thrush?

    Patients… Read the full Thrush article

  • TMJ (Temporo-Mandibular Joint Dysfunction or TMD)


    You may hear from time to time someone say “I’ve got TMJ.” TMJ is neither a disease, nor a disorder. The disorder they are often referring to is “TMJ Dysfunction,” or “TMD.”

    TMJ stands for “temporo-mandibular joint.” It is the joint that controls the opening and closing of… Read the full TMJ (Temporo-Mandibular Joint Dysfunction or TMD) article

  • Tooth Sensitivity/Pain


    Healthy teeth are usually not sensitive to temperature or the pressure of chewing. Teeth are considered sensitive if pain is experienced due to temperature, pressure, acidic foods or in the absence of chewing. Occasional aches or sensitivity is normal, after all teeth are connected to the central nervous system… Read the full Tooth Sensitivity/Pain article